With Lux-eyes through the night

Tune with the season testing auto motor und sport the current state of lighting technology. Also present: twelve models and the whole program from low halogen headlamps to daylight-like all-LED system.

Anyone who has ever switched from one car with good xenon or LED system to one with a simple halogen light, knows this feeling: it’s as if there in front instead of two light-strong spotlight burn two candles. Both the color and brightness and reach into off against modern headlights. No wonder Xenon systems are now to have been to small cars, while it already towards full LED goes into the upper class. But which technology is really worth it? Auto Motor und Sport has examined twelve systems Hella light and extensive comparison tests intensively.

Halogen light dominates affordable price range

In the cheapest vehicles still dominate the halogen headlights. When Dacia
Sandero they are even without alternative. The technology is proven and inexpensive, send the headlights, the light either as the Dacia on reflectors or projection lenses on the road. In general, the light bulbs are easily replaceable, even against lighter retrofit lamps: auto motor und sport tests have shown that as those with a pair price of 30 Euro improve the performance of the headlamp noticeably. This did also the Dacia well: low and high beam light yellowish, patchy, streaky and short range – so gloomy, as if one would be broken by both.

Xenon headlights with extra brightness

Significantly better lighting models with xenon light the roadway. It is not produced like the halogen from a glowing filament, but in the burner of an electric arc between two electrodes.For ignition, a high voltage pulse of up to 25,000 volts is needed, then, the gas heats up in the piston, are to operating temperature and resistance reaches. To achieve full brightness takes several seconds.

Simple versions like the Hyundai
i40 combining a xenon bulb for low beam with a halogen spotlight for the main beam. The problem is the different light color and intensity, which would appear inharmonious placing the main beam of the Hyundai. His pure halogen counterpart therefore seems only marginally worse. When bi-xenon as the Fiat 500 has, is switched by means of a flap in the module between the operating modes. In addition, the offers Fiat still a halogen headlights for high beams. This seems a bit vorfeld stressed there is plenty of light in the area around 20 meters ahead of the car, but achieved a decent range.The low beam acts somewhat yellowish and streaked, with an on hilltops and in curves sometimes annoying hard bright-dark boundary. Basically, an automatic beam leveling and a headlamp cleaning system prescribed in the 35-watt Xenon systems to prevent blinding other.

Despite fewer watts good coverage of the Beetle

Not so with the 25-watt plant of VW Beetle. Meanwhile xenon burner developed 2,000 instead of 3,000 lumens, therefore does not require beam leveling still cleaning system, which saves costs. Nevertheless, his low beam shines bright and surprisingly homogeneous, the high beam with decent range, albeit with a slightly reduced brightness and spread towards good 35-watt systems.

One of these is that of the Opel
Mokka. Its bi-xenon Adaptivlicht road illumination evenly, offers a solid range and light functions, which adjust to the driving situation. Some of them – such as the pedestrian area light – can be however only guess. Advantage of Mocha: its typical SUV greater installation height of the headlights, which the radiation efficiency improves. Identifiable by Volvo V40, whose lights are mounted twelve centimeters deep. In addition to him bothers shadowing by far early hood – tribute to design and pedestrian protection.

LED provides a lot of light on little space

Also design driven: the trend toward all-LED headlights (LED: Light Emitting Diode). The biggest advantage of the LED is its small footprint relative to the luminous output. So, several LEDs are closely modules, so-called LED arrays, combined systems which require significantly less space than halogen lamps or xenon burner. This makes the lamp not only chic, but allows in future the implementation of complex lighting functions in a confined space. Where now moving diaphragms and rolls governs the future exclusively electronic.More Pro-argument is the so-called color temperature that comes to daylight (6500 K) the next. Beam halogen with about 3,200 and xenon light 4,200 Kelvin, LED create 5,500 Kelvin.However, the propagated lower energy consumption is only partly true. Because what will save the LED by their efficiency goes for electronics and cooling by means of fans it again.

No overly obvious advantage for LED technology

The Audi A7 vented his full-LED units, however, provide a bright, uniform light with a pleasant color, compared to the xenon not superior reach. The range of functions is also limited: even taking into account the adaptive Xenon headlights with maskable High beam Audi navigation data for situation-setting levels for headlamps (at intersections), LED is only capable cornering, highway and an – albeit very good – weather light. The fog light BMW 650i displayed in any case stronger, and also the low beam displeases by his restless distribution in the range up to 20 meters. If you look closely, you can even see the individual light-emitting chips. In the distance, the light is better, the range of the remote light might also be larger with its pleasant luminous tunnel.

When switching to the Lexus GS immediately notice its light color. It arises at the seams of the individual lenses where the light shines in rainbow colors – disturbing in light channel and in practice. On the road, the bright Lexus LED Spotlight imposing, but not as balanced as the complicated mixing system of the Mercedes CLS with projector, reflector and rotary mechanism. He drives not only the high beam gently sliding up, but also provides the most effective adaptation to curves. So the Mercedes brings its relatively harmonious and powerful LED light to the road – and for so scarce Test victory.


Very good light already for 760 Euro

Although the Hyundai-halogen light is functioning properly – who is often in the dark on the road to Bixenon should indulge. As a good and yet cheap solution looks (760 euros), showing the VW Beetle. Also Adaptivlicht the Opel Mokka convinced similar to the masking function in golf Bixenon. Although the full-LED headlights in the superclass rays Daylight brightness, but have at reach and lighting functions backlog compared with the top solutions in xenon.


Garden party with genuine motorsport legends

Lord March invites for the 23rd time – and again follows the automotive community to its reputation: I’d love to ask the manufacturer its vehicles in the large estate of Goodwood House from. And they chase by nine curves up the famous motorsport hill.

A good garden party are usually juicy meat, alcoholic beverages, the right music and sunny weather. Otherwise, you need not even to fire up the grill. However, in England, they have found another recipe for a good garden party. One that has proven itself for 23 years.

Goodwood Festival of Speed ​​at full throttle Motto

Screenshot at Jun 24 22-18-20

Meat and alcohol are easily replaced by sleek and powerful cars at the Goodwood Festival of Speed.The play anyway the right music – be it for four, six, eight, ten, twelve cylinders. And then the weather is already almost do not care.

This 23rd host Lord March has loaded the largest automotive garden party in the world from 23 to 26 June 2016th Welcome are actually renters with lots of power under the sheet, a glorious past and motorsport affinity. The motto for this year: “Full Throttle – The Endless Pursuit of Power”. To German: “full throttle – The endless (tracking) chasing performance”.

“This year we are the wildest, fastest, craziest and strangest cars and motorcycles see that ever sailed up the Goodwood hill,” said Lord March, to its base since 1993 increasing the full-throttle Festival. For the 2016er output over 600 cars and motorcycles are expected, which should stimulate with its presence for celebrations of motorsport.

Photo: BMW
Third Future: BMW brings the Rolls-Royce 103EX study with Goodwood.

The focus is BMW. The Munich celebrating this year its 100th anniversary. Fits to provide BMW
several racing cars and motorcycles from its glorious past from:

  • BMW 328 Touring Coupé (winner of the 1940 Mille Miglia)
  • BMW 1800 TiSA (won in 1965 the 24-hour race at Spa)
  • BMW R 50S Kaczor (motorcycle, in 1969 achieved a lap record at the Nordschleife)
  • BMW M1 Procar (legendary championship under program of F1 1979 and 1980)
  • Brabham BMW BT52 (World Champion car in 1983 with Nelson Piquet at the wheel. First “turbo champion”)
  • BMW M3 (the most successful touring car in the world)
  • BMW 635 CSI (multiple winner 24-hour race at Spa)
  • McLaren-BMW F1 GTR Longtail (Le Mans racer with BMW V12)
  • BMW V12 LMR (winning 24-hour race at Le Mans 1999)
  • BMW M3 DTM (famous touring car with several victories)
  • BMW S 1000 RR (motorcycle)

In addition, BMW will showcase more M models of the past 40 years, and mix them with current versions. For example, the M2 and M4 Coupe GTS who ventures to the Hill Climb.The futuristic companion that BMW also in the framework of the “Next 100” show presented will also be available in the green hills of Goodwood. Including the one hammerhead not dissimilar Rolls-Royce 103EX and wacky mini Vision .

Of course, not all about BMW, also the competitor from Ingolstadt has arrived: Audi
.She returned with have an iconic Audi V8 Quattro DTM which is to climb the second most famous hillclimb route to Pikes Peak possible quickly and without crash. From Singer comes a retro Penalty to Goodwood .

And the English? Aston Martin sends the new, unfortunately limited to one copy Vantage GT12 Roadster at the Festival of Speed. The special section “Q” has the 600-horsepower Vantage GT12 Roadster manufactured. Served as a basis – clear – the GT12 coupe, which has been derived from nordschleife proven GT3 racer. The guys around Andy Palmer, CEO of McLaren Automotive announced a special sports car version of Goodwood.

The famous hill is 1.16 miles (1.866 km) long and studded with nine curves. The record on the Goodwood Hill keeps Nick Heidfeld. Former Formula 1 driver thundered 1999 41.6 seconds in a McLaren MP4-13 upwards. “If the record fall this year?”, The Festival of Speed ​​asks in his preview. That sounds like some potential candidates.

Limo for the Racetrack: Audi is launching the V8 Quattro DTM to England.

Look at various racing series

At the Goodwood Festival of Speed ​​in 2016 not only the BMW motorsport history is thought. Other legends and famous cars in the spotlight. So the motorsport community takes a look back at the Can AM series, which was launched 50 years ago.And remember the first victory of the Ford
GT40 in 1966 in Le Mans. In addition, there should be a special tribute to James Hunt. The charismatic Briton won the 1976 Formula 1 title by a narrow and breathtaking duel with Niki Lauda.Both the sons of Hunt, Tom and Freddie, as well as other family members and friends will participate according to organizers of the motorsport event.

The Mazda MX-5 Lord March expected another special guest. This is the instance number one million, which rolled off the line at Mazda. As motorsport greats have announced, among other Rene Arnoux, Jenson Button, Emerson Fittipaldi, Jochen Mass, Sir Stirling Moss, John Surtees, Mark Webber and Giacomo Agostini.

The entrance fee for the whole weekend is 147 pounds (about 189 euros). Who wants to come only on Friday charged 55 pounds (70 euros). Saturday and Sunday each cost 65 pounds (83 euros) and the Moving Motor Show on Thursday 32 pounds (41 euros). Younger people 13 to 21-years pay only half.

In our slide show we show you the highlights, 2015.

A total of 82 lighting systems at IIHS Light Test 2016

Of 31 vehicles tested in large IIHS Light Test 2016 only one vehicle could einheimsen the grade “good”. None of the other 30 cars came “acceptable” an addition; nine cut “borderline” from ten were “bad” with smoothly.

A total of 82 lighting systems at IIHS Light Test 2016

The IIHS has tested different types of fixtures in light test in 2016, in total there were 82 lighting systems to 31 cars. Among them, of course, was also the most part standard built-halogen light, xenon headlamps, and those who work with modern LED technology. Laser lights are currently not allowed in the US.

the subjects were tested on enclosed land. A special device measures the amount of light at different operating modes: in a straight course, in a sharp left and right turn and at slightly kinked curves. On lighting system of the vehicle has not been altered, they were tested as they came from the dealer.

After testing on the road, the IIHS evaluated the lighting systems based on a hypothetical “ideal light”, which is to guarantee a optimal illumination safety for the driver himself, but also the oncoming traffic is not dazzled.

Mercedes and BMW cut badly

German model cut in the first light of the test IIHS from rather poor. The worst light therefore has the BMW
3 Series, unless it is equipped with Halogen headlamps – that exist in the US factory for models 320, 328 and 330th

“The driver takes in the dark is always slower than 35 mph ride (about 56 km / h) in order to detect and decelerate an obstacle in time can,” reads the resume of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. To improve this, if optional lighting systems can be ordered both the BMW 3 Series as well as the smaller 2er then. The LED system from BMW intersects with “borderline” slightly better, but still not convincing from.

Moreover, the performance of underperforming As Mercedes
are referred. Both tested models, the C-Class and CLA, off badly – no matter which light system they were equipped. And the VW Passat was not top grade.

Toyota Prius has the best LED light bar system

But it is not only true German vehicles, including the Chevrolet Malibu or the Cadillac ATS failed in light test of the IIHS 2016. Besser made ​​it the Audi A3, the “acceptable” reached a, as well as the US bestseller VW Jetta or the Volkswagen CC ,

Convincing: The Toyota Prius achieved the best test results when he was fitted with LED headlights.

The winner of the light tests, the car with the best led light bar system, comes from Japan: The Toyota Prius convinced in its latest generation with excellent luminous efficiency. “The LED headlamps in Prius give the driver enough reserves, even at 70 mph to (approximately 113 km / h) to brake in time, when suddenly appears an obstacle on the road,” praises the IIHS, the hybrid car.

However, the halogen system is also on the Prius as was “poor”.

US laws do not allow modern headlight technology

Due to high demand we have decided to examine the legal situation relating to light more closely. The result: In principle, one can say that the US is one of the few markets new headlamp technology almost completely closes. Laser light is generally not allowed, however, LED technology already – as long as it hides no areas of the illuminated street as it does about Audis LED matrix light. Also BMWs adaptive driving beam (with LED or Xenon) is not allowed, because it hides as vehicles ahead of the irradiated area in cone shape.

For the reasons one must travel back to the past – far back to the year 1968. As you put in the US found that a car passing beam (low beam) to high beam (high beam) must be switched. This requirement is not met in Audis or BMWs self-adjusting systems. Adjust the light cone of the driving situation and so contrary to domestic law.

And why not change the paragraph simply? Now, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was founded in 1970th For a long time remained the law intact, the lighting technology developed slowly – until the new millennium. So you had no reason to modernize the law. The NHTSA observed the situation closely, but saw at least so far no security benefits in new, adaptive light-emitting technologies.

Quite different view, of course, the manufacturers and suppliers who postulate a tremendous increase in safety when driving in the dark. The manufacturer Hella, for example, comes in aconducted by the TH casting study concludes that “glare-free high beam to the driver gives more reaction time in an emergency.” The measurements showed that objects with no-glare high beam 1.3 seconds or 30 meters are detected earlier by the roadside at a speed of 80 km / h when using conventional low beam.

In our gallery we have the results summarized plus a few impressions from the light test of IIHS 2016 collected.